Thursday, November 21, 2013

Research Africa science journalism internship opportunity

Description Research Africa is offering African journalists with a proven track record in science or financial journalism an intensive seven-month internship at its headquarters in Cape Town, South Africa. The internship will start in March 2014. The successful applicant will spend their time honing their journalism skills in Cape Town and at Research Africa's sister offices in London, as well as go on a reporting trip to an African country. The intern will work with Research Africa's excellent editorial team which produces news and analysis on African research funding and science trends on the continent. Non-South African applicants will be prioritised. Research Africa will cover the costs of travel to and from South Africa, fieldwork travel, accommodation in Cape Town and London, and a daily stipend. Visa costs will be reimbursed on presentation of valid receipts. The internship is funded by Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) as part of their science journalism awards programme. Applicants need to propose a modest research project that they will carry out during their internship. Proposals should be no longer than four pages in length, and should describe how a topical issue related to strengthening Africa’s standing in global research will be investigated and the results disseminated. Applicants must also submit their curriculum vitae, three recent relevant articles (print or electronic), and a letter of permission from their line manager confirming that they would be allowed to take seven months off work (paid or unpaid leave). Applicants should be mature, self-motivated and independent, with fluent written and spoken English and a high degree of numeracy. They should be computer literate and comfortably able to use MS Office programmes. Competence in both PC and Mac environments would be an advantage. Applications, including certified copies of academic degrees, should be emailed to with the subject line: Research Africa-IDRC science journalism internship. Deadline: 29 November 2013. SOURCE:

Thursday, August 29, 2013


Although the number of Kenyans aspiring to be farmers is declining, agriculture has a huge potential in responding to food insecurity locally and internationally - thus job creation. In an age when more than 8 million Kenyan are classified as unemployed agriculture might be the neglected corner stone. The book Creating Abundance: Visionary Entrepreneurs of Agriculture by Hiram M. Drache says what makes the deference is how one looks at and practices agriculture that makes a difference. He cites an example of Louis Larson who started his dairy operation with one calf and now owns 12,500 milk cows. Leonard Odde left the farm at age 17 but returned years later to amass 40,000 acres of corn, soybeans and sunflowers. Beginning with just 200 acres in the Red River Valley in 1964, Ronald Offutt built an enterprise that has become the nation’s largest producer of potatoes. These examples illustrate that unlike other enterprises one can join agricultural entrepreneurship with a will and determination to succeed while having a clear vision. The book is crystal clear that these three farmers as well as others interviewed in the book are coming from different starting points however their success stories are interwoven by work ethic, determination and vision. These three components says the author who is a retired, 40-year history professor at Concordia College in Moorhead, MN, turned their dreams into entrepreneurial success stories. Drache says the books is a product of the realization that most people are not able to embrace dynamic the changes sweeping a round them and turn them into opportunities. He writes: “In 1975, I spoke at a symposium on the bicentennial of American agriculture and stated that 95 percent of our farmers did not grasp the rate of change that was taking place in their industry. You can imagine the kind of reception I received from that comment.” From the responses he got, he adds: “It was then and there that I decided it was imperative to write about incredible visionaries who were not only industrializing agriculture, but were taking it into the global era.” The books brings together a tapestry of agricultural segments, 15 different enterprises and show cases that any choice is worthy to deliver success – from poultry farming to cattle production, cereal farming to row crops among them. He is candid that attitude, mindset that is informed and transformed, that has grasped the bigger picture distinguishes successful agriculture entrepreneurs. Thus he says: “But the type of thinking these people put into their businesses is what can shape” their future; adding, “I truly wanted to look at all industries within agriculture and write about what it takes to change and shape an agricultural enterprise.” The books bring home that science, technology and innovation is not limited to, only, areas the present youths are envisioning thus rural – urban migration rather technology can be integrated in agriculture to steer it to a higher level of entrepreneurship just like any other sector.

Friday, May 10, 2013


Cancer is ranked a third killer disease in Kenya: more than 18,000 new cases of the disease are diagnosed every year, medical experts are pointing out that the numbers might be more than 70,000 if all cases were to be identified at hospitals. However, the government is yet to set aside budgetary allocation funds, specifically, for cancer treatment since it is rated as a national threat like HIV and Malaria. Early intervention for cancer promises its cure. Apart from cancer treatment being very expensive particularly when it is sought from private health care facilities lack of awareness of its causes and symptoms complicate the situation, make it impossible to cure as medical attention is sought at advanced stage. A single radiotherapy cost about Sh600 at Kenyatta national hospital, which is a subsidized fee while it is Sh15,000 in a private facility thus discouraging majority of Kenyans from accessing treatment. From the different types of cancer locally the survival rate is between 10 to 20 per cent as compared to 70 per cent in developed nations. Local statistics on mortality rates as a result of cancer indicate that about 18,000 people die of cancer related complications while the world Health Organisation estimates the figure to be 42,000. In Kenya, only two public health facilities offer holistic cancer treatment; the Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi and Moi Teaching and Referral hospital in Eldoret. Other health facilities offer partial treatment which includes diagnosis and chemotherapy with radiotherapy being offered at KNH only. Cancer a global disease The World Health Organization’s World Cancer Report (WHOWCR) 2008 points out that about 13 million new cases and 7.6 million deaths from cancer occurred in 2008. The WHOWCR shows an increase of about 10 million new cases and some 6 million deaths from 2003 to 2008. The WHOWCR survey indicates that no region of the world is cancer-free. “Age-standardized cancer rates allow identification of particular geographic variations, but not all databases are of the same quality. Generalizations, however, can usually be made with some degree of reliability,” says Dr. Allan R. Handysides, Seventh¬ - Day Adventist, director, General Conference Health Ministries Department. The WHOWCR unveils that regional differences in cancer rates are very distinct. The United States rates high, with some 334 cases of cancer per 100,000 men. Australia and New Zealand, with 356.8 per 100,000, has worse statistics. Northern Europe at 303.5 and Western Europe at 337.4 per 100,000 also have high rates. The risk of dying from cancer is even higher in Central and Eastern Europe. Women in the same regions also have high rates of cancer, particularly breast cancer. According to the International Journal of Cancer the lowest cancer rates occur in Central and West Africa, and South-Central Asia for men and Central and North Africa for women. Affluent societies carry a higher burden of cancer, the journal says usually related to tobacco smoking and other factors associated with a Western lifestyle. The journal explains that in developing countries, Kenya included, 25 percent of tumors are associated with chronic infections such as hepatitis B (liver cancer), human papilloma viruses (cervical cancer), and Helicobacter pylori (stomach cancer). In some Western countries there has been a decline in cancer mortality rates, because fewer people are smoking, the journal says, adding that worldwide, lung cancer is the most common, followed by breast cancer and then colon cancer. Cancer deaths are most often related to lung, stomach, and liver cancer. The increase in the world’s population is responsible for some of the gross increase in cancer statistics. Because some cancers are more amenable to treatment, cancer of breast, prostate, and uterine/cervix, for example, are the cause of death in only a minority of patients so affected. Causes of Cancer Many factors impact the prevalence of human cancer, Dr. Handysides says. “These range from cancer-inducing agents, or carcinogens, to chronic infections, dietary and lifestyle factors, alcohol consumption, and genetic susceptibility. Some 20 percent of cancers are associated with chronic infections.” Indeed the International Journal of Cancer says the most hazardous human carcinogens include tobacco, asbestos, aflatoxins, and ultraviolet light. Tobacco Tobacco smoke is irrefutably causally associated with lung cancer. Less recognized is the association of tobacco with laryngeal, pancreatic, kidney, bladder, and—in conjunction with alcohol—oral and esophageal cancer. Study shows the age a person begins to smoke affects incidence of cancer. Adults aged 55 to 64 who smoke 21 to 39 cigarettes per day and commenced smoking before age 15 are three times more at risk to die of lung cancer than those who started after age 25. World Health Organization, World Cancer Report 2003 says certain varieties of tobacco, example, black tobacco may be more dangerous than others, but there is no safe tobacco. Alcohol WHOWCR 2003 shows alcohol to be second in its summary of cancer causes. Heavy alcohol consumption causes cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, and liver, and increases the risk of breast and colorectal cancer. A causal relationship between alcohol and colon and rectal cancer is also strongly suggested, and the risk of head and neck cancers in heavy drinkers is some five to 10 times higher than in nondrinkers. The risk correlates to the amount of alcohol consumed. Changing patterns of consumption suggest increases in less developed countries with a decrease in more developed countries. The actual carcinogenic effect of habitual drinking, however, is likely underestimated, the medical expert says. Going by the study alcohol is estimated to be involved in causing 3 percent of all cancers (4 percent in men and 2 percent in women). Of course, apart from its carcinogenic effects, alcohol is associated with a plethora of other problems. Occupational Exposure Some industries expose workers to a variety of chemicals. The first cases of occupational cancer were identified in the eighteenth century among chimney sweeps, who developed scrotal cancer, the Chirurgical Observations says, adding that currently there are about 25 chemicals, or groups of chemicals, for which occupational exposure has been established as carcinogenic risk. An encouraging note according to Chirurgical Observations is: in developed countries most such risks have been eliminated, especially for asbestos, crystalline silica, and heavy metals, but there are hazardous materials that are probably carcinogens that bring the total to nearly 50 potentially carcinogenic chemicals. “Awareness of such dangers is helpful in assuring vigilance and regulation of industries,” the medical director says. Some agents occur in the general environment, he explains, adding such as chronic hepatitis B and C viruses, aflatoxins, radon, and solar radiation. Diesel exhaust has been implicated in lung and bladder cancer. Environmental Pollution Harvard Report on Cancer Prevention says the environment, with its polluted soil, water, and air, is responsible for up to 4 percent of all cancers. While according to the Cancer: Causes, Occurrence, and Control, IARC Scientific Publication the “environment” that we create with smoking, drinking alcohol, dietary factors, lack of exercise, and excessive sun exposure may be implicated in the majority of human cancers. The publication says unavoidable nonoccupational toxic substances to which we are environmentally exposed include the following: Asbestos, one of the best-documented causes of cancer, specifically mesothelioma. Asbestos dust may contaminate not only the workplace but the homes of asbestos workers when transported on their clothes. The Human Experimental Toxicology says air pollution, which includes industrial work materials, not the least of which are vehicular emissions. These emissions may contain such products as benzene, toluene, xylenes, and acetylene—all known carcinogens. Urban populations have a higher risk than rural populations. Very high lung cancer rates have been noted in nonindustrial workers living at home. Studies show that nonsmoking Chinese women, for example, are exposed to indoor air pollution from their cooking and heating practices. Vapors from hot oil may contribute to such cancers, along with the smoke of their heating source and fuel. Water pollution, which can be combated with chlorination to reduce bacterial and viral problems, articulates the American Journal of Public Health, adding the chlorinating process, however, may produce harmful chlorination by-products. Studies suggest a causal relationship between chlorinated water and bladder cancers. The journal further explains that contaminated water is a source of arsenic exposure, which links to skin cancer, lung cancer, and cancer of other organs. High arsenic levels have been found in drinking water in several areas of Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, India, Mexico, Mongolia, 
Taiwan, Alaska, and other parts of the United States. Food Contamination Not only the environment but also our food may be contaminated. Even natural foods can be infected with natural molds that can produce toxins such as aflatoxins. Residual pesticides can also be a problem. In Africa and Asia fungal growth and aflatoxin production are recognized problems. Animals consuming such foodstuffs, in turn, become problematic. When such contaminants are antibiotics, hormonal growth promoters, pesticides, and heavy metals, they may be concentrated in the meat, milk, or eggs. Organochlorines, such as DDT, have been associated with increased risk of pancreatic and breast cancers, lymphoma, and leukemia, points out the Relevance to Human Cancer of N-Nitroso Compounds, Tobacco Smoke, and Mycotoxins, IARC Scientific Publications. Further explaining that attempts to correlate polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with breast cancer have proved conclusive. Infection Agents and Cancer Various study are showing that there is a cancerous effects of flesh foods. A Study by the National Geographic confirms that animal diseases cancer included can be transmitted to human beings. The study unveils that some flesh is “filled with tuberculosis and cancerous germs.” The Journal of the American Medical Association 56 shows infection link between animals and human beings in regard to cancer. With advances in molecular biology the link has been confirmed since it permits the detection of very small quantities of an infectious agent in biological specimens. Since then at least eight different viruses, four parasites, and one bacterium have been causally linked to cancer. Hepatitis B and C and the human papilloma viruses are transmitted by sexual means and blood contamination. The Epstein-Barr virus is also transmitted by human-to-human contact, as is HIV infection. The human T-cell lymphotropic virus causes lymphoma/leukemia, and is similarly transmitted by human-to-human contact. Human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) has been associated with Kaposi’s sarcoma. Helicobacter pylori are associated with stomach cancer. Parasites of the liver fluke families, acquired by eating raw or undercooked fish, have been associated with liver cancer. As yet there is no evidence of animal viruses causing human cancer, but the concept of a cancer germ was dismissed in medical literature until the past few decades. Diet and Nutrition It’s been estimated that some 30 percent of human cancers are related to diet and nutrition. The incidence of various cancers differs by world region. There are many potential causes of such variation, but cancers of the breast, colorectum, prostate, endometrium, ovary, and lung are generally more common in developed countries. Cancer of the digestive tract is more frequent in developing countries. The most consistent finding is the association of reduced risk of various cancers with the eating of fruits and vegetables. Medical research support these findings, particularly showing that meat eaters experience a threefold to fourfold increased risk for colon cancers. There is a consistent association between red meat (pork, beef, and lamb) and processed meat, with increased risks being noted in many studies. Simple sugar (mono- and disaccharides) may be associated with increased colorectal cancer. The higher carbohydrate content of a vegetarian diet, with its complex carbohydrates, appears to offer a protective effect. Fat has been the focus of most hypotheses about dietary factors 
and cancer. Studies on ratios of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats have, as yet, not yielded clear data, although olive oil is associated with reduced risk. Dr. Handysides says healthful eating, exercise, fresh air, rest, and trust in God can go along way reducing cancer cases across the globe in the context of accessible and appropriate medical care for all.

Monday, March 25, 2013


Thirty one years, before the birth of Chinua Achebe - Joseph Conrad was a well-established word smith. To employ words as “a vehicle for conveying a bath of personal impressions” in reining “his mental laziness” by taking “the line of least resistance.” Mind-boggling. But this is how the Heart of Darkness come into being and darkly stormed the public eye through the Blackwood’s Magazine – in 1899. It’s a satire that the anchor of the book is set at the Congo/Zaire. Where this curious man – Joseph Conrad went prying but “come out of them with all kinds of spoils.” Was Conrad a prophet of doom espoused in the anecdotes of racialism? Africa seems to have lived to fulfill the stereotypes of inhumanity – oozing suffering, dictatorship and tyranny? Congo , Rwanda , Uganda , Liberia , Sudan , Nigeria , Ivory Coast , Somalia , Zimbabwe … Kenya , have they embraced Conrad? “As to its ‘reality,’ that is for the readers to determine,” Conrad wrote in his introduction to the book. Was Conrad a man of batched memory and evil dreams? He writes of his first encounter with an African: “A certain enormous buck nigger encountered in Haiti fixed my conception of blind, furious, unreasoning range, as manifested in the human animal to the end of my days. Of the nigger I used to dream for years afterwards.” In responding to these racist sentiments – to check the ripples of Conrad, Achebe went shopping for the same vehicle; hawk-eyed with reality and sobriety – proclaiming who we’re as Africans. Achebe entered this uncharted water without any surety whether is response in Things Fall Apart was neither going to be accepted nor published. This was novel mean without African Literature to gauge his experimental work with. Save, Amos Tutuola’s Wine Drunkard (1952) and Cyprian Ekwesi’s People of the City (1954). As the bug of writing transformed Conrad from a sea captain to a writer to reckon with, Achebe too, forfeited a scholarship and a lucrative career in Medicine to become the foremost mirror of the African continent: A watchman not only to the Conrads and Watson – the DNA genius, but to African leadership - as a poet, novelist, and literary critic. In 1972 he was a joint - winner of the first commonwealth poetry prize. In his country he scoped the prestigious Nigerian National Merit Award and Order of the Federal Republic as well as seizing the Man Booker International Prize. The awards are chain that Achebe is readers envisioned that he will be crowned with a literature Nobel Prize. Notwithstanding Conrad’s racist stains his scholars have assured the Heart of Darkness a secure place “among the half-dozen short novels in the English language.” As Newton’s third law of motion states: Action and reaction are equal but acts on opposite direction. Things Fall Apart in spite being the first novel of Achebe has fought on the same literary platform taking its place among the world master pieces. Indeed Achebe’s pen never dried in his life time, even after the fatal road accident that saw him wheeled till his death at the sundown of last week. He kept on working on his memoir and living to fulfill his testimony: “I’m an Igbo writer, because this is my basic culture; Nigerian, African and a writer…no, black first, then a writer,” by translating Things Fall Apart to his native language. Although Achebe has authored other great literally works Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God, A Man of the People, and Anthills of the Savannah among others. Things Fall Apart stands without a peer - circulating in55 languages and more than 11 million copies sold in the competitive and complex world of book. To Achebe literately works will remain to be the Kola and proverbs with which geniuses literally writing are weaved for the larger public consumption in clear language with vast ideas. At Bard College he was dove tailed with the literal calling of River Nun of Gabriel Okara – Annandale – on – Hudson, New York to raise the African school of thought to a better and higher spectrum. He died as a David and Marianna Fisher University Professor and Professor of Africana Studies Brown University. As he wrote- a cock is spotted while being a chick. Achebe’s writing acumen started taking root while pursuing his undergraduate studies at Ibadan University. He mirrored his fellow students study habits and future dreams in the story the Polar Undergraduate (1950) that is anthologized in Girls at War and Other Stories among his 21 titles he has published. Things Fall Apart began and remained to be the pivot of his writings. Although in various forums he said that a parent loves all his children. In Things Fall Apart he wrestles with the biased thinking about Africans. Achebe paints a gracious and humanistic picture – that man – whoever and from wherever have the same passions – integrity and respect is the aspiration. “As the elders said, if a child washes his hands he could eat with Kings,” Achebe wrote. This is an encouragement, after being blustered with labels as “savage,” “an improved specimen,” “cannibals – in there place,” “a prehistoric earth,” “an earth that wore the aspect of unknown planet”… by Conrad. Conrad dehumanized an African woman who was a mistress to one of the whites (Mr. Kurtz) as a “savage and superb, wild-eyed and magnificent….She stood looking at us without stir and like the wilderness itself, with an air of brooding over an inscrutable purpose.” Things Fall Apart has taken the trajectory of being a teacher at the global stage, to salvage the African from Ngugi’s leitmotif “colonization of the mind.” “Here then is an adequate revolution for me to espouse – to help my society regain belief in itself and put away the complexes of the year of denigration and self-abasement. And it is essentially a question of education, in the best sense of that word….I would be quite satisfied if my novels (especially the ones I set in the past) did more than teach my readers that their past with all its imperfections – was not one long night of savagery from which first Europeans acting on God’s behalf delivered them,” Achebe said in an interview with the Morning. As we mark the end of the life of an African literally icon we need to peep into the past and behold the future. Were as Africans we have fallen apart and the centre is not holding in leadership, technological uptake, unemployment, tribalism among other hailment we are suffering from thus the post-independence era has never been at ease, even girl have found themselves in the fields of war: a blend of hopes and impediments has followed suit where every leader is seeking the arrow of God to become a man of the people in the Anthill of Savannah. Across the continent one need to be aware of soul brothers for the morning is yet on a creation day – leaving one to ask: what is the trouble with Africa? Things Fall Apart as well as other streams of Achebe’s writing will find there relevance in these times of entrepreneurship, innovation and reformation. The current world need more daring Onkwonkwo of Things Fall Apart, who’s “fame rested on sold personal achievement” to bring down Amalinze the great wrestler in the form of momentous challenges we are facing as a continent such as food insecurity, poverty, insecurity and wanting leadership among others. Africa needs a people who are determined to dirty their hands and build its amazing nations to an envisioned future, example Kenya’s Vision 2030. Driven by creativity and hard work, turning challenges into stepping stones with the inspiration of Onkwonkwo who “neither inherited a ban nor a title, nor even a young wife. But in spite of these disadvantages, he had began even in his father his lifetime to lay the foundation of a prosperous future. It was slow and painful. But he threw himself like the one possessed. And indeed he was possessed…” Achebe’s death calls for Africans to re-examine how far we have mark-timed from the “Heat of Darkness” to escape the tragic ending of Things Fall Apart where “every day” Achebe wrote, we’re offering the western media “new material” from our wanting leadership and mode of elections where “one could write a whole…”on them. Free and fair? To a shame the “already chosen” coverage.

Sunday, March 3, 2013


Grace Jeptoo, a mother of three is one of the staff members of Baraton International School (BIS) the school that is serving the University of Eastern African, Baraton (UEAB) fraternity.

 Jeptoo is perturbed by the impact of the 2007/08 post election violence whose seismic ripples are being felt as we prepare for this year, 2013 general election, voting exercise on Monday, March 4.

I cannot believes it, Jeptoo says, the manner in which students are streaming out of the campus heading to their various homes and countries. Why should elections turn us into strangers to one another? She asks with atone of regret.

We are friends; she goes on to explain, sharing our joys and tears, lifting one another’s burden as well as celebrating one another’s success regardless of tribe or color.

Jeptoo wishes that every Kenyan - come March 4 till the inauguration of the fourth president of this beloved nation will seize this period as an opportunity to usher in a new beginning – of a people who can stand together notwithstanding having diverse opinion and coming from different tribes.

UEAB, the first private university to be charted in Kenya and the first in East and Central Africa to start offering Bachelors of Science in Nursing (BSCN) as well as degrees in Electronics and Automotive Technology among other programs from diplomas to PhD attracts students from the entire continent and beyond was adversely affected during the 2007/08 postelection violence.

At the apex of the violence it took the intervention of government in corroboration with the Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) General Conference’s wing of the East - Central Africa Division (ECD) to air lifts some of the administration, lectures and staff as well as transporting students to their various destinations under heavy security. It was expensive, one of the administrators involved says.
John says with the commencement outbreak of the violence it was a matter of days before their means of accessing food become a night mere as they were not prepared for the same.

One of the professors, a missionary in the institutions says that one day after another, during the violence, they were engulfed in fear to eat or sleep – prayer for God’s intervention was their only source of strength.

Furthermore, Mr James Momanyi, now a retired student finance manager home was destroyed and everything taken to cite a case among the many who suffered great loss.

It is with this backdrop that the 2008 graduating class build the Amani monuments, two, one on the right hand side of the main entrance to administration block of the university with a dove overlooking the map of Kenya being showered with springs of water in the convergence of various streams colored of rays – a testimony that Kenyans can live in peace with one another and be partakers of God’s blessing notwithstanding being a tapestry of various tribes.

The second monument is built behind the university hospital, Jeremic and some safe distance from the university church, UEAB English church, and Bill and Malinda Gates Research Centre - a map of Africa with majestic faunas and elegant rivers flowing around it. A testimony to sense of belonging welcome to those from the rest of the world – UEAB lectures and staff comes from various parts of the world, too.

Last week the department of English and Literature head by Mr Edward Mooka extolled the UEAB community on the importance of nurturing right communication since words can build or destroy. The theme of the week was language as a tool of unity.

The speakers included Prof Okumu Bigambo, a communication expert at Moi University who demystified that communication goes beyond mere use of words rather the whole outflow of the heart in its various forms.

In the nut shell the leitmotif of the week was a call to use whichever means of communication to edify one another however how different their opinion might be as we are coming to the home stretch of the campaigning period.

Prayers and sermons punctuated the various presents on the power of words in form of poetry and drama. Prof Elizabeth Role, the director of post graduate studies challenged Kenyans to embrace the language of love, the language of Jesus which is understood by everyone and has the power of magnetizing Kenyans into a one people, one nation for the common good of all.

Kenyans were challenged to forget the past by each one of them examining how he or she has contributed, whether in a small or big way, to push it into negative ethnicity and vow to be a living solution from now enhance forth.

With the opportunity of students and faculty from different nation, some of them gone through a bloody past, yes some yet to recover fully – the Kenyan people have been challenged to use this election as a golden moment to proclaim to the world that: with one accord and in common bond they will be united to build Kenya, together, into its envisioned glory and joyfully share the fruit their labour - filling every heart with thanksgiving, to paraphrase part of the national anthem.

UEAB Vice Chancellor, Prof Miriam Mwita assured the community that the government has put up necessary security mechanisms, thus encouraging both foreign and Kenyan students who will wish to stay to do so at UEAB.

He called for the university students to be ambassadors of the Kenya they are dreaming to live in wherever they will be.

Prof Mwita says the objective of education is to transforms lives that will in turn transform their nations into a better and admirable place to live.

Yes, the change every Kenyan is yearning for should first be experienced by every individual thus justice, love and unity flowing like a mighty stream into a prosperous future, Jeptoo is envisioning.